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Where is the cervix?

The cervix, also called the neck of the uterus, is located at the bottom of a woman’s uterus and connects to the top part of her vagina.

What is cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is a serious disease caused by certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.

HPV (human papillomavirus) infections can cause changes in the cells of the cervix. People can get HPV through skin-to-skin genital contact, usually during sex. Most people who have HPV don’t know they have it or that they can pass it to their partner. HPV can damage the cells of the cervix to make them change. Cells that are damaged, but are not cancer, are called “abnormal cells,” “pre-cancerous cells,” or “dysplastic cells.” Over time, these cells can become cancer.

HPV vaccine can help protect against the two types of HPV that cause cervical cancer. Pap tests can find the abnormal cells so a health care provider can remove them before they turn into cancer.

What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer usually does not have symptoms at first.

A woman usually does not know she has cervical cancer until the cancer has spread to other parts of her body. Some symptoms of cervical cancer can include: unusual bleeding from the vagina; pain during sex; vaginal discharge; pain in the pelvis, back, or leg; and fatigue (feeling very tired).

What if I am diagnosed with cervical cancer?

Your health care provider will recommend one of the many available treatments options.

Your options for treating cervical cancer will depend on things like how far the cancer has spread, if you want to have children in the future, and other medical conditions. Visit the Cervical Cancer – Additional Resources & Links page for more information.

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Cervical cancer can be prevented through screening and HPV vaccination. This site aims to help connect women and girls who are uninsured or underinsured to free or low-cost screening and vaccination services available in North Carolina.
El cáncer cervical puede prevenirse con la vacuna contra el Virus del Papiloma Humano (VPH) y a través de la detección temprana con la prueba de Papanicolaou. Esta página de internet tiene el fin de ayudar a conectar a mujeres y niñas que no tienen seguro médico (o con un seguro que es insuficiente), con servicios de vacunación y pruebas de Papanicolaou gratuitos o de bajo costo disponibles en Carolina del Norte.
Free and low-cost cervical cancer screening (the Pap test) is available in North Carolina for women who qualify.
En Carolina del Norte hay pruebas de detección temprana del cáncer cervical (prueba de Papanicolaou) gratuitas, o de bajo costo, para las mujeres que cumplan con ciertos requisitos.
HPV vaccine is available for little or no cost in North Carolina for adolescents who qualify.
En Carolina del Norte la vacuna del VPH está disponible a bajo o ningún costo para los niños y las niñas que cumplan con ciertos requisitos.